Though heroin is a opioid drug that is usually found on the streets and not in hospitals or doctors offices, there are many synthetic opioids that are created by the pharmaceutical companies and prescribed to patients who have endured injuries and suffer from chronic pain. Pain pills are among the most commonly abused drugs on the market. There is a long list of medications used to treat or reduce the symptoms of pain. A lot of pain pills are also semisynthetic opioids.
Similar to heroin, all pharmaceutical opioids are highly addictive and people who are addicted to various opioids are not able to address their addiction without professional help. The United States takes 80 percent of all of the prescription pain relievers in the world. Annually, about 15,000 people a year die of a prescription opioid pain reliever overdose. These legal drugs are being over-prescribed and often lead to “accidental overdoses” due to their legal status.
Methadone, similarly to other opioids, works in parts of the brain to block sensations and satisfy cravings. It is most commonly used to crowd out opiate addiction and withdrawal. Opiates include drugs such as heroin and morphine.
This dynamic can lead to methadone dependency when the user requires the blocking effects it has on cravings and withdrawal from opiates. And a Methadone dependency can generate artificial feelings of well-being and contentment. Without the drug, dependents will become irritable and experience stomach problems. Methadone is relatively safe when used properly, but abuse can generate physical and psychological risks.
Suboxone is a combination of buprenorphine and naloxone which prevent withdrawal and block the euphoric sensations of using opiates such as heroin, hydrocodone and morphine.
As with any drug used to treat addictions, an artificial sense of peace and contentment is initiated that disappears when usage ends. This creates the potential for addiction and dependency.
Even though Suboxone is mostly safe when used as prescribed, abuse brings health and psychological consequences including nausea, insomnia, depression, drowsiness and increased blood pressure. Abuse also includes using Suboxone along with benzodiazepines and/or alcohol, a mix that suppresses respiratory activity to a point that can become fatal.
Subutex is a buprenorphine drug used to treat opiate addiction. It is not a very strong drug, but its use as a treatment for drugs like heroin or Fentanyl can create psychological dependency and, thus, addiction. As with any buprenorphine, Subutex can become dangerous if taken in high dosage along with benzodiazepines which also act on the central nervous system.
Dilaudid is an opioid and is prescribed as a painkiller. It is roughly six to nine times stronger than morphine. Dilaudid masks pain by reacting with the brain to produce feelings of euphoria. With those euphoric sensations in mind, it is believed a dependency to Dilaudid can develop in as little as three weeks.
The symptoms and side effects of dilaudid are broad. Mood swings, irritability and depression are among the psychological consequences, whereas nausea, stomach pain, trouble urinating, heart attack and stroke are among the physical repercussions.
Fentanyl is one of the strongest opioids available. It is a painkiller that can be administered in several ways including patch, pill, lollipop and soluble film. There is a very small difference between the amount of fentanyl used to alleviate pain and the amount that can be lethal.
Just like other opioids, Fentanyl delivers a feeling of euphoria that’s followed by general feelings of physical and mental weakness. Other symptoms include dizziness, trouble seeing, dehydration, hallucinations and depression. Since a person using Fentanyl can quickly develop a tolerance, the drug can quickly consume one’s life as dependency takes over.
Oxycodone is an opioid used to treat pain. It provides long, extended relief due to its interaction with the brain that creates feelings of euphoria that counteract the pain. Oxycodone is used as a key ingredient in other drugs including Percocet, Percodan and Roxicodone.
Oxycodone is designed to provide long-term pain relief (up to 12 hours), but those who abuse the drug tend to alter its form and administration. Snorting or injecting Oxycodone, for example, provides a much more powerful an immediate sensation than what is intended with the drug when properly prescribed.
This drug is dangerous because it creates a false sense of tolerance that opens the door to overdose. Respiratory failure is one serious risk especially when combined with other substances such as benzodiazepines and alcohol. There are many side effects to Oxycodone: severe abdominal pain, difficulty urinating and difficult bowel movements. Common side effects include euphoria, constipation, fatigue, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, dry mouth, anxiety, itching, and sweating.
Percocet is a combination of Oxycodone and acetaminophen (the active ingredient in Tylenol). With percocet you get all the symptoms, side effects and risks that come with Oxycodone use.
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